With two articles of impeachment against Donald Trump set to be released tomorrow (Tuesday), I thought I would offer some historical context by providing the articles of impeachment for Clinton, Nixon, and Johnson. (Only Clinton and Johnson were impeached. Nixon resigned before the Senate trial).
RESOLVED, That William Jefferson Clinton, President of the United States, is impeached for high crimes and misdemeanors . . .
Article One: In his conduct while President of the United States . . . in violation of his constitutional oath to faithfully execute the office of the President . . . has . . . undermined the integrity of his office . . . betrayed his trust as President . . . and acted in a manner subversive of the rule of law by:
- willfully corrupting and manipulating the judicial process of the United States for his personal gain and exoneration
- willfully committing perjury by providing false and misleading testimony to the grand jury in relation to his relationship with an employee
- willfully committing perjury by providing false and misleading testimony to the grand jury in relation to prior perjurious testimony in a civil rights action brought against him
- allowing his attorney to make false and misleading statements in the same civil rights action
- attempting to influence witness testimony and slow the discovery of evidence in that civil rights action
Article Three: . . . has [in the Paula Jones Case] prevented, obstructed, and impeded the administration of justice by:
- encouraging a witness to give a perjurious affidavit
- encouraging a witness to give false testimony if called to the stand
- allowing and/or encouraging the concealment of subpoenaed evidence
- attempting to sway a witness testimony by providing a job for that witness
- allowing his attorney to make misleading testimony
- giving false or misleading information to influence the testimony of a potential witness in a Federal civil rights action
- giving false or misleading information to influence the testimony of a witness in a grand jury investigation
RESOLVED, That Richard M. Nixon, President of the United States, is impeached for high crimes and misdemeanors. . . .
Article One: [for] making false or misleading statement to delay, cover up, or conceal evidence relating to the Watergate break-ins by:
- making false and misleading statements to the government and the people
- withholding information
- allowing/encouraging witnesses to give false or misleading statements
- attempting to interfere with FBI and other investigations into the break-ins
- allowing secret payments to influence witnesses
- attempting to misuse the CIA
- leaking information about the investigation to help the accused
- insinuating that people who refuse to testify against him or who give false testimony will receive favors
Article Two: . . . [for having] engaged in conduct violating the constitutional rights of citizens . . . and impairing the due and proper administration of justice . . . by:
- using confidential tax return information to initiate tax audits in a discriminatory manner
- misusing the FBI, Secret Service, and other government employees by allowing their information to be used for purposes other than national security or the enforcement of laws
- allowing a secret investigative unit within his office
- using campaign contributions and the CIA in an attempt to sway the fair trial process
- has failed in faithfully executing the law
- knowingly misusing the executive power by interfering with agencies within the executive branch
Article Three: . . . has willfully disobeyed the subpoenas of and failed without lawful cause or excuse to produce papers and information for the House Judiciary Committee . . . assuming to himself the functions and judgments given to the House of Representatives by the Constitution.
Andrew Johnson Articles of Impeachment
Read all 11 articles here.