Here is a taste:
First, every member of the Senate, before voting on this bill, should read the Pennsylvania Department of Education’s 6-12 “Academic Standards for Reading in History and Social Studies” and the PDE’s “Academic Standards for Writing in History and Social Studies.”
These CORE Standards, released in March 2014, require teachers to cover material that would prepare Commonwealth students very well for the United States citizenship test. In addition, these CORE standards require educators to move beyond the teaching of mere facts.
They stress the necessary skills Commonwealth students need to learn in their history classes.
Second, strongly encourage Pennsylvania lawmakers to require history educators to have training in how to teach historical thinking.
Students today are bombarded with information.
The kind of facts necessary to score well on a citizenship test can be easily found by conducting a quick Google search. What our students really need is training in how to distinguish between good information and bad information.
When they read their social media feeds they need to learn how to spot what is fake and what is real.
They need to “consider the source” of information they encounter. They need see the complexity of the human experience as it has unfolded through time. They need to think about the forces that have shaped the world that they have inherited.
This kind of thinking should happen every day in a history classroom. Students read documents from bygone eras and analyze them critically. They look for bias. They understand voices from the past in context. They move back and forth between the past and the present and get a good mental workout in the process.
History students learn to listen to voices from the past before judging them. In the process, they cultivate the democratic virtue of empathy.
They learn to look beyond themselves to see the world through the eyes of others–those who are dead and those who are alive–who have experienced it in different ways.
These kinds of historical thinking skills are acquired through an immersion in the past guided by a skilled history teacher. I would thus, thirdly, encourage the Senate to initiate legislation that requires Pennsylvania history teachers to have a college major in history.
At Messiah College, a private institution in Mechanicsburg where I chair the History Department, pre-service teachers graduate with both a Pennsylvania teaching certification in Social Studies and a full history major.
Earlier this year the National Council on Teacher Quality ranked Messiah’s history education program as one of the sixteen best in the United States.
By taking 39-credit hours in history, our students enter the classroom prepared to deliver content and cultivate the historical habits of the mind desperately need in our society today.
The Rafferty/Dinniman bill is not a bad start. Facts and civic knowledge is the foundation of a good history education. But it is only a foundation.
Read the entire piece here.