Mike Pence recently railed against socialism. Here is a taste of a Newsweek article about what he said at the 2019 Conservative Political Action Conference:
Vice President Mike Pence continued the Republican attacks on what they claim is socialism infiltrating the Democratic Party, making the dubious claim Friday that it was “freedom, not socialism, that ended slavery and won two World Wars.” Pence, speaking at the annual Conservative Political Action Conference, did not mention what started slavery in the United States.
“It was freedom, not socialism, that ended slavery, won two World Wars and stands today as the beacon of hope for all the world.”
If it was freedom that ended slavery then presumably it was also freedom that allowed it, with a provision written into the Constitution that specifically referred to slaves and the “three-fifths compromise,” whereby they were counted as less than free people. Moreover, Southern states continued to argue for the freedom to keep slavery in place as the country descended into the Civil War. It was also not capitalism, which Pence appeared to be referring to, when he said it was freedom that ended slavery. Indeed, many historians have noted the explicit links between slavery and the birth of American capitalism.
Read the rest here.
What the Union did to the South after the Civil War was not described as “socialism,” but it was an attempt by a powerful federal government to seize what the South (and the Supreme Court in Dred Scott) believed was private property, namely slaves. Southern slaveholders were fighting for their own liberty and “freedom” to own slaves. Lincoln used government power to take away this liberty. For Lincoln, morality trumped the South’s “freedom” to hold another person in bondage. This was the ultimate example of the United States government seizing private property and redistributing it (through emancipation).