When Oxford University Press asked me this question I decided to consider “scholarship” in a very broad fashion to include the scholarship of teaching and historical thinking.
I chose the word “empathy.”
Here is a taste of the blog post on this subject at the OUP blog:
In addition to catching up with authors and discovering new research, the annual Organization of American Historians conference is a productive and inspiring time to check-in on the state of the field. At this OAH in Providence, we had one burning question on our mind: What is one important word that all historians should have on their minds?…
Read the entire post here
As historian John Cairns notes, empathy “is the passport to gaining a genuine entry into the past as a foreign land, and something distinct from our time.” Empathy requires the historians to step into the shoes of historical actors in order to see the world as they did, to understand them on their own terms and not ours. Historian John Lewis Gaddis writes, “Getting inside other people’s minds requires that your own mind be open to their impressions–their hopes and fears, their beliefs and dreams, their sense of right and wrong, their perception of the world and where they fit within it.” The practice of empathy may be the hardest part of being a historian. This is largely because our natural inclination, or, as Sam Wineburg calls it, our “psychological condition at rest,” is to find something useful in the past. We want to make the past work for us rather than enter into it with an attitude of wonder about what we might find and the kinds of people and ideas we might encounter. Historical empathy thus requires an act of the imagination. The practice of bracketing our own ways of seeing the world in order to see a strange world more clearly requires discipline on the part of the historian. It demands a certain level of intellectual maturity. It requires a willingness to listen to the past…